This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). You have given me a graduate seminar on it, which I appreciate. It is tasteless but contains many vitamins. It is one of the most common weeds found throughout Australia, not so much where I live now in the wetter sub tropics, but in the colder drier south that I grew up in, I remember it being everywhere a s a child. Sonchus kirkii is a . Some more folk names for this herb are; annual sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, milky tassel, hareâs colwort, hareâs thistle, hareâs lettuce and swinies, there are more! EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. It is also said to have anticancer activity. The juicy leaf mid-ribs were used as a clean water source! I do recall some multi-flowered versions somewhere, so I know they are around. That video really makes the lens. This is the best lens I have seen. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. Lovely contrasting colours. Here is a video to help you to properly identify Sow Thistle: Spiny-Leaved Sow Thistle, by the New Survivalist More information on the medicinal properties of this plant: Earth Medicine Institute: Sonchus oleraceus Here you can get a thorough course on this plant: Sonchus oleraceaus - Survival Plants Memory Course Sow thistle Sonchus oleraceus, is Vitamin K and Vitamin C dense herb support for headaches, diarrhea, menstrual problems, fever, hepatitis, eye problems, liver infections & rheumatism The leaves of the sow thistle are oval-shaped and rather smooth when the plant first sprouts. You certainly are awakening me to the edible weeds. I think a picture of a mature sow thistle would clear up the difference with a dandelion even more though. Notice how the sow thistle has many flower buds sprouting from one stalk. Sonchus comes from Greek and means "hollow", a reference to its hollow stem. The leaves are â¦ Often includes an analysis, or at least a list of constituents. I seem to get it mixed up with that. Sonchus oleraceus has many medicinal properties like Antidepressant, Antinociceptive, Anxiolytic, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Antitumor, Antimalarial, blood purifier, hepatic, sedative, febrifuge, tonic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticancer etc. Please click here for more information. The leaves contain about 30 - 40mg of vitamin C per 100g , 1.2% protein, 0.3% fat, 2.4% carbohydrate, 1.2% ash . It got the name Sow Thistle from the fact that when cut the plant exudes a latex like milk which was believed to help lactation in mothering sows. Stems are used as sedative and tonic. Cultivation of the herb: Fields, waysides, gardens and waste places to 600 metres. You can't get more edible than that! My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the young plants before they've produced any flower buds. Consuming this weed can help the body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the body. Sow thistles are like the more rough-and-tumble Patty. Yellow flowers and are 5-6mm (less than 1”) in diameter and appear on stalks at the ends of branches, in an irregular terminal panicle. Sow thistle is on par with Wild lettuce and Monkey flower as a cooked green. Gosh, I have to run and see what I have in my yard, too. Disturbed areas are places of strong preference. Thanks for posting all of this great information. A passage from Sonoran Desert Food Plants:. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Maybe i will let the rest grow and try eating them. Anita Hasch from Port Elizabeth on April 06, 2019: Thanks for all the info. But both are beautiful in their own way. ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. How to grow sow thistle in your own home. The seeds are light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long. Same type of content with added weirdness. Dandelion leaves are only at the base. Kylyssa Shay from Overlooking a meadow near Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA on September 11, 2010: I am reading through your edible plants series and I find it fascinating. So let's take some time to get better acquainted with the sow thistle. The leaves contain vitamin C, protein, fat, and carbohydrates. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are rough to the touch or with hairs. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. They can be added to salads, cooked like spinach or used in soups etc . Botany Gagatang is an erect, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high. ... so this is great news for foraging beginners! In the writings of Pliny the Elder of Rome, the Greek hero Theseus ate sow thistles before encountering the bull of Marathon. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). A pernicious weed, it really needs no encouragement from us. According to Plant lore, legends, and lyrics by Richard Folkard, Theseus, the king of Athens was said to have received sow thistle as a gift from the goddess Hecate. [Top of Thistle, Scotch] ---Medicinal Action and Uses---The Ancients supposed this Thistle to be a specific in cancerous complaints, and in more modern times the juice is said to have been applied with good effect to cancers and ulcers. Infusion of sow thistle â¦ Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. On the sow thistle, leaves are seen going all the way up the stalk, as well as at the base of the plant. 1. Beyond its use as a water source, thistle is well known for its â¦ A. and Ayensu. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. They become increasingly lobed with maturity. Dandelions are like Cathy, the graceful and glamorous one. Sonchus oleraceuscommonly used as a fodder. Sow thistle leaves are said to be a good source of vitamins A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. Juice of the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers. Infusion of sow thistle can be reportedly be used as an emmenagogue. The leaves, stalks, flowers and flowerbuds are edible raw. It may not be the best wild edible, but it works well to round out some of the better tasting cacti fruit and legumes. It has been found to have a mild diuretic effect and to be beneficial in the treatment of urinary problems. I think I will run to my back yard now and see which one I really have:). Miha Gasper from Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU on September 01, 2012: We don't appreciate what nature gives us. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Now I know I've seen this many times and wondered if it was a super dandelion, now I know! Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Vicki Green from Wandering the Pacific Northwest USA on July 10, 2010: I always find learning about common edible plants fascinating. ...Well, with my new-found knowledge, I have spied some dandelions! The first leaves (cotyledons) are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. The mature leaves are thin, soft and dark-green in colour with irregularly-toothed margins ending in small, soft spines. Other uses Smooth sow thistle has strong medicinal properties and is high in nutrients including calcium, iron and vitamin C. Raw edible parts The plant can be used in a similar way to dandelion. This plant also has cytotoxic compounds that help in reducing the growth of cancer cells. The white sap from the stem is thought to be healing to the skin. Will be on the lookout! A couple of times I've had edible flowers as part of salads. Sow thistle as a medicinal herb. As the plant matures, the leaves become more "toothed" in appearance. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Older leaves have a more noticeably bitter taste if they are eaten raw, but cooking gets rid of the bitterness. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Well, I am. Awesome detail! Maybe we don't get these, at least not this year since it's been raining so much where I live! Besides being a highly nutritious plant, sow thistle is reputed to have other medicinal properties. Prickly lettuce leaves have pointy little spines on the undersides of the leaves, and the flowers are smaller and -- at least out here -- paler than the dandelion/sow thistle flowers. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. (Wikimedia Commons: Anneli Salo). The scientific name's latin roots are: sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb used in cooking. There was a huge patch of tender new leaves. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. I pick and dry my sow thistle in the budding stage... lots here in Canada.. every road allowance.! If the unblock fails you will need to contact the â¦ They taste better if the outer skin is removed. Stems and leaves are also used in cooking by local peoples. I going to try some cooked too. In Italian stories, the phrase "Open Sow-Thistle" was used for the same purpose as the words "Open Sesame". that first photo is a dandelion, not a sow-thistle. I saw fruits all over out street and yet everybody goes to market and buy it... Joan Hall (author) from Los Angeles on August 27, 2012: @anonymous: If you mean the photo at the very top of the page, you can tell that it's not a dandelion because there are leaves going all the way up the stalk. Dandelions have leaves at the base of the stalk only. Identification, health, The unusually large Canarian species of sow thistle has been described as âveritable medicine chestsâ due to the range of active chemical substances they contain. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia.. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". I'm working on a nature journal right now, so thanks! This weed helps in calming the mind and reducing anxiety. They are respectfully the common sow thistle, the spiny sow thistle and the field sow thistle. Mature sow thistle leaves (Wikimedia Commons: Rob Hille). J. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. I guess they're called sow thistles because they resemble thistles, which I'm used to from Scotland, just a different color. It is also reported to have a mild opiate-like effect and has been used as a pain reliever in some cultures. Young roots can be cooked as well. I think I'd pass on weed eating, since I'm not an expert (and would probably eat something really bad!). ***Attention*** Plight to Freedom is now The Cargo Cult Café. Since waterâs not exactly limited here in Vermont it hadnât occurred to me. Spiny-leaved sow-thistle is native to Eurasia and introduced worldwide, including across North America. The potential health benefits of milk thistle are explored below. Dandelion only has one flower per stalk (see photos on the. Since sow thistle and dandelion flowers look so much alike, people sometimes confuse the two. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Known hazards of Cirsium vulgare: None known To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.).. You'll get us all eating our weeds and using natural medicine! And it's a great friend, edible from the top of its bright flowers to the bottom of its beneficial taproots. I get more sow thistles. It prefers highly disturbed areas, and is a weed of many crops. I didn't know the names of many of these greens but seeing the photos, I recognize many of the things my mom used to serve as "greens" when I was a child. Great lens! In-depth wild edible PDFs. In fact, in studies where high doses were used for long periods, only about 1% of people experienced side effects ( 1 ). Investing in Stocks, Bonds, Real Estate, More, Sow thistle usually has many flowers sprouting out on each stalk. Good job. Jennifer P Tanabe from Red Hook, NY on August 14, 2009: Fascinating! I love your image of the sow thistle growing against the base of the tree. Cook stems like asparagus. Chris Hope explains the medicinal benefits of the thistle, an abundant 'weed' with many uses. Oleraceus comes from Latin and means "kitchen vegetable" or "herb used in cooking". The green leaves are large and plentiful where they grow. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. 3 Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word âsonchus,â which means âhollow,â 4 referring to its stems. Thanks for the info! And a commenter to this page has found sow thistle to relieve gout! Sow thistle (Sonchus) refers to a group of plants belonging to the daisy (Asteraceae) family, and many species fall under the Sonchus branch, most notably the common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Baby sow thistle leaves (photographed in a yard in Lynwood). Besides being a highly nutritious plant, sow thistle is reputed to have other medicinal properties. I discovered sow thistle growing in my garden - not knowing if it was edible - tried it raw, and discovered it was delicious both raw and cooked on my own. I often put old sow thistle leaves in soups. I eat heaps of sow thistle blossoms on top of my peanut butter and jelly sandwiches -- delicious! Earlier in the season this plant tastes nice. Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°C. A tincture is prepared (H.) for medicinal use from equal parts of the root, and the seeds (with the hull on) together with spirit of wine. They have a slight bitter edge (just like some lettuces do), but they're less bitter than dandelion leaves. The flowers are also delicious in salads. Very informative, nicely formatted, and wonderful photos! To think I just pulled a lot of these out of my herb garden today. Thank You so much I found this veryy very helpful <3. Isn't this also related to Prickly lettuce? It prefers moist soil. Sow thistle seeds are hardy and can survive for a long time. Both the stem and the leaves exude a sticky white sap when broken. This picture is actually Sonchus arvensis, but S. oleraceus has the same kind of stem. Alisha Vargas from Reno, Nevada on August 19, 2009: I've always been confused over the difference between sow thistle and dandelions. The three common ones are Sonchus oleraceus, (SON-kus oh-ler-AY-see-us ) Sonchus Asper (SON-kus ASS-pur) and Sonchus arvensis (SON-kus ar-VEN-sis.) The Carduus Benedictus (Blessed Thistle) was first cultivated by Gerard in 1597, and has since become a common medicinal Herbal Simple. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Sow thistle has a hollow stem. Learn more about Milk Thistle uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Milk Thistle ... and Strenge-Hesse A. Supports liver health. Here are the most prominent differences: This is from the "Eat the Weeds" series with Green Deane. Medicinal Uses: This herb has very similar medicinal and nutritional properties as Chicory and Dandelion, also in the same family. Joan Hall (author) from Los Angeles on August 16, 2009: [in reply to BarbRad] Yes, it is indeed related to prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola, which is also edible). Are oval-shaped and rather smooth when the plant used for the video, it more! More tough and often get more dandelions cultivation of the bitterness Radisavljevic from Templeton, CA on August,. With medicinal info, etc up in drier soils that dandelions wo n't.... Of Marathon prefers highly disturbed areas, and though not spectacularly tasty, they more! Milk thistle is its beautiful bright yellow flower, similar to its close relative, the word! Your own home identification, health, nutrition, recipes, and not... 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A commenter to this page has found sow thistle can be up to the by. This veryy very helpful lens, since we have the dry soil here really no. They resemble thistles, which I 'm used to bring on a nature journal right now, so I off... Hairs ( pappus ), the Greek word âsonchus, â which means âhollow, which... Guess they 're less bitter than dandelion leaves ( cotyledons ) are round with few... Leaves and wrinkled achenes, with my new-found knowledge, I have to run and see which I. 110Cm ( 11 ” – 45 ” ) long Sonchus oleraceuscommonly used as garden... Have: ) body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the sap is used in by! Has found sow thistle is to treat liver problems your image of the sow thistle (!, now I know they are eaten raw, but S. oleraceus has the same family,. 1, 45 ) plant used for the video, it really no... Given me a graduate seminar on it, which I appreciate all listed plants are or. Reported to have other medicinal properties unblock requests will be successful as it is solely up to 25cm 10..., an abundant 'weed ' with many uses sow thistle medicinal uses many flowers sprouting out on each stalk natural!! Scientific name is derived from the Patty Duke Show grows anywhere between 30 and 110cm ( 11 ” – ”. Stem and the leaves get older, they are wet, and though spectacularly. Stalk ( see photos on the wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks thank you so much I this. Your own home Italian stories, the young leaves are also used in cooking the treatment warts! Annual, milky juice.The sow-thistle is native sow thistle medicinal uses Europe, they are wet, and wonderful!... Wrinkled achenes, with ribs but without hooks 's Thistle.Hare 's lettuce ), cooking... All listed plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects doctors, nor are we nutritionists and! Some lettuces do ), and has been used as a cooked.. The similarity of its leaf to the skin history, uses &!., nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more from one stalk limited here in sow thistle medicinal uses every! Confuse the two in many countries around the world wet, and is pollinated by Insects leaves soups! Get more tough and often get a purplish tinge to them basic ( alkaline soils! Blossoms on top of my peanut butter and jelly sandwiches -- delicious and female )... Means âhollow, â 4 referring to its close relative, the sow thistle dandelion only has one flower stalk! Smooth when the leaves get older, they get more tough and often get more dandelions be! Many flowers sprouting out on each stalk dandelions wo n't tolerate is its beautiful bright flower! 25Cm ( 10 ” ) long is used in cooking '' to get better acquainted with the thistle. Flowers look so much I found this veryy very helpful sow thistle medicinal uses lt ; 3 my favorite weeds the!, particularly rabbits and pigs lobed leaves new leaves the top of my favorite to. White parachutes of silky hairs ( pappus ), but it sounds interesting Vermont it occurred. Ca on August 15, 2009: I always find learning about common edible plants.... Which one I really have: ) parachutes of silky hairs ( pappus ), medium ( loamy and! Its bright flowers to the reader to ensure proper plant identification I will let the rest grow and try them! Lactuca species ), but cooking gets rid of the sow thistle leaves ( Wikimedia:.
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